A Clinical Prediction Rule for Classifying Patients With Low Back Pain Who Demonstrate Short-Term Improvement With Mechanical Lumbar Traction

A Clinical Prediction Rule for Classifying Patients With Low Back Pain Who Demonstrate Short-Term Improvement With Mechanical Lumbar Traction
By Congcong Cai, Yong Hao Pua, Kian Chong Lim

Summary: The objective of the study was to develop a clinical prediction rule for identifying patients with low back pain, who improved with mechanical lumbar traction. A prospective, cohort study was conducted in a physiotherapy clinic at a local hospital. Patients with low back pain, referred to physiotherapy were included in the study. The intervention was a standardized mechanical lumbar traction program, which comprised three sessions provided within 9 days.

Conclusion: Four predictors were identified for predicting short-term responders to mechanical lumbar traction. Based on the prediction model in this study, possession of all 4 predictors suggested increased probability of successful treatment. This CPR may significantly enhance the efficacy of clinical decision-making when considering mechanical lumbar traction as an appropriate intervention for patients with LBP.